Common Types of Asphalt Damage | Big Easy Asphalt

Understanding the Common Types of Asphalt Damage

When it comes to maintaining the longevity and appearance of your asphalt pavement, understanding common types of damage is essential.

By identifying and addressing these issues in a timely manner, you can prevent further deterioration and extend the lifespan of your pavement.

At Big Easy Asphalt, we specialize in asphalt maintenance and repair, and we’re here to guide you through the most common types of asphalt damage, their causes, and how to address them effectively.


Cracks are one of the most prevalent forms of asphalt damage. They can appear in various sizes and patterns, such as hairline cracks or larger fissures.

These cracks often occur due to:

  1. Weathering: Exposure to the elements, including sun, rain, and freeze-thaw cycles, can cause asphalt to expand and contract, leading to cracking.
  2. Heavy Traffic: Constant vehicle load and repetitive stress can weaken the asphalt surface, resulting in cracks.
  3. Improper Installation: If the asphalt was not installed correctly or lacks proper drainage, it can lead to cracks over time.

To address cracks, timely crack sealing is crucial. This involves filling the cracks with a specialized asphalt crack sealant to prevent moisture infiltration, which can worsen the damage.

Routine maintenance and sealcoating can also help protect against cracks and prolong the life of your asphalt pavement.


Potholes are another common type of asphalt damage that can cause significant inconvenience and potential hazards.

They often occur due to:

  1. Water Damage: Water can seep into the cracks, weakening the underlying layers and causing them to break apart, creating potholes.
  2. Freeze-Thaw Cycles: In colder climates, water that seeps into the pavement can freeze and expand, further damaging the asphalt and leading to potholes.
  3. Heavy Traffic and Weight: Constant vehicle traffic, particularly from heavy vehicles, can exacerbate existing cracks and lead to the formation of potholes.

To address potholes, they must be properly repaired. This typically involves removing the damaged asphalt, compacting the underlying layers, and filling the void with new asphalt or a suitable patching material.

Regular inspections and prompt repairs can help prevent potholes from worsening and ensure a safer driving surface.


Rutting refers to the formation of depressions or grooves in the asphalt surface, often caused by the constant passage of heavy vehicles.

The primary causes of rutting include:

  1. Insufficient Pavement Thickness: If the asphalt layer is not thick enough to withstand the weight and volume of traffic, rutting can occur.
  2. Poorly Designed Drainage: Inadequate drainage systems can allow water to accumulate and soften the subbase, leading to rutting.
  3. Excessive Heavy Vehicle Traffic: Frequent passage of heavy trucks or equipment can place excessive stress on the pavement, resulting in rutting.

Addressing rutting requires a comprehensive approach, including evaluating the pavement structure and subgrade conditions.

Solutions may involve resurfacing, strengthening the base or subbase layers, and ensuring proper drainage to prevent future rutting.

An asphaltic joint crack needs to be sealed in the restoration work of the asphalt road surface

Trust Big Easy Asphalt for Your Asphalt Repair Needs

At Big Easy Asphalt, we understand the importance of identifying and addressing common types of asphalt damage promptly.

Our team of experienced professionals is equipped with the knowledge and expertise to handle all your asphalt repair and maintenance requirements.

Whether you’re dealing with cracks, potholes, rutting, or any other asphalt issues, we provide reliable and effective solutions tailored to your specific needs.

Contact us today to ensure the longevity and durability of your asphalt pavement.

Remember, by addressing asphalt damage early on, you can prevent costly repairs and maintain a safe and attractive surface.

Trust the experts at Big Easy Asphalt to keep your pavement in top condition.

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